Name: 
 

RBES Vocabulary Qtr. 2



Matching
 
 
a.
Cell
n.
Prokaryote
b.
Homeostasis
o.
Eukaryote
c.
Heredity
p.
Mitochondrion
d.
Metabolism
q.
Tissue
e.
Producer
r.
Organ
f.
Consumer
s.
Osmosis
g.
Protein
t.
Active Transport
h.
Carbohydrate
u.
Photosynthesis
i.
Lipid
v.
Cellular Respiration
j.
Phospholipid
w.
Cell Cycle
k.
ATP
x.
Chromosome
l.
Nucleic Acid
y.
Mitosis
m.
Nucleus
 

 1. 

In a eukaryotic cell, one of the structures in the nucleus that are made up of DNA and protein; in a prokaryotic cell, the main ring of DNA.
 

 2. 

A single-celled organism that does not have a nucleus or membrane-bound organelles; examples are archaea and bacteria.
 

 3. 

A group of similar cells that perform a common function.
 

 4. 

In eukaryotic cells, a process of cell division that form two new nuclei, each of which has the same number of chromosomes.
 

 5. 

In a eukaryotic cell, a membrane-bound organelle that contains the cell’s DNA and that has a role in processes such as growth, metabolism, and reproduction.
 

 6. 

The movement of substances across the cell membrane that requires the cell to use energy.
 

 7. 

An organism that eats other organisms or organic matter.
 

 8. 

The process by which cells use oxygen to produce energy from food.
 

 9. 

Adenosine triphosphate, a molecule that acts as the main energy source for cell processes.
 

 10. 

A molecule made up of subunits called nucleotides.
 

 11. 

The diffusion of water through a semipermeable membrane.
 

 12. 

The smallest functional and structural unit of all living organisms; usually consists of a nucleus, cytoplasm, and a membrane.
 

 13. 

The maintenance of a constant internal state in a changing environment.
 

 14. 

A lipid that contains phosphorous and that is a structural component in cell membranes.
 

 15. 

An organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane; Includes protists, animals, plants, and fungi but not archaea or bacteria.
 

 16. 

In eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by two membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration.
 

 17. 

A molecule that is made up of amino acids and that is needed to build and repair body structures and to regulate processes in the body.
 

 18. 

The sum of all chemical processes that occur in an organism.
 

 19. 

The life cycle of a cell.
 

 20. 

A fat molecule or a molecule that has similar properties; examples include oils, waxes and steroids.
 

 21. 

A collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body.
 

 22. 

The passing of genetic traits from parent to offspring.
 

 23. 

The process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria use sunlight, carbon dioxide, and water to make food.
 

 24. 

An organism that can make its own food by using energy from its surroundings.
 

 25. 

A class of molecules that includes sugars, starches, and fiber; contains carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen.
 



 
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