Name: 
 

Human Nervous System



Completion
Complete each sentence or statement.
 

1. 

Along with the endocrine system, the ________ system is responsible for _________.
 

 

2. 

Regulation is the process of ____________ and __________ activities in an organism.
 

 

3. 

The nervous system ________ and ____________ many activities within the body.
 

 

4. 

The endocrine system is involved with more ____-term processes while the nervous system is involved in more ___________ responses.
 

 

5. 

The nervous system is divided into two parts: the _________ nervous system and the ________________ nervous system.
 

 

6. 

The central nervous system (CNS) consists of the ____ and ______ cord.
 

 

7. 

The central nervous system (CNS) processes all _________ and __________ messages.
 

 

8. 

The peripheral nervous system consists of communication pathways that connect all areas of the body to the _________ nervous system.
 

 

9. 

The specialized cells of the nervous system are called ________.
 

 

10. 

________ transmit information throughout the body. This information is transmitted in the form of _____________ signals called nerve ___________.
 

 

11. 

A typical neuron consists of a cell ____, ______, and  ______.
Refer to the diagram for details.
human_nervous_syste_files/i0120000.jpg
 

 

12. 

The enlarged region called the cell body contains a ________ and cell _____________.
 

 

13. 

The neuron receives information through the ___________ and transmits information to other cells through ________.
 

 

14. 

Axons bundled together with blood vessels and connective tissue form _______.
 

 

15. 

The largest organ of the nervous system is the _______.
 

 

16. 

________ connect the central nervous system (CNS) to the rest of the body.
 

 

17. 

The largest part of the brain is the _____________.
 

 

18. 

The cerebrum is responsible for __________, ________, and ___________.
 

 

19. 

The cerebrum controls voluntary movements and allows you to detect ______, ______, ______, ______, _______, ______, _____, and ____.
 

 

20. 

The _____________ is the part of the brain that regulates _________, _______, and _____________.
 

 

21. 

At the base of the brain is a collection of structures called the ______   ________.
 

 

22. 

The brain stem leads down to the spinal cord and connects the two halves of the cerebrum to the cerebellum. The lower portion of the brain stem consists of the ___________, ______, and _________  _________.
 

 

23. 

The structures at the lower portion of the brain transmit information throughout the central nervous system and regulate important involuntary activities such as, ______ rate, resting _________ rate, blood ________, and body ______________.
 

 

24. 

The spinal _____ contains neurons and bundles of axons that pass impulses to and from the brain.
 

 

25. 

The protective bones that surround the spinal cord are called ______________.
 

 

26. 

The ______  ______ links the brain to the peripheral nervous system.
 

 

27. 

Damage to the cerebellum would result in loss of ___________.
 

 



 
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